Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Senturia et al. (1994) depict an overview taken to concentrate what number of kids approach weapons in their family units. Surveys were appropriated to all guardians who went to chosen facilities in the Chicago region during a one-week time frame for well or wiped out kid visits. Assume that the amount of intrigue is level of the family units with weapons. Portray why this is a group test. What is the psu? The ssu? Is it a one-phase or two-phase bunch test? How might you gauge the level of family units with firearms, and the standard blunder of your gauge? What is the testing populace for this examination? Do you think this inspecting strategy brings about an agent test of families with kids? Why, or why not? Arrangement: This is a bunch test since all the components inside the groups are chosen. (Model: All guardians who went to chosen centers in the Chicago). The essential inspecting unit (psu): Clinics in the Chicago. We will compose a custom paper test on Testing and Households or on the other hand any comparative theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page The optional inspecting unit (ssu): Households with firearms (guardians who went to chosen centers in the Chicago zone during a one-week time span for well or wiped out youngster visits). This is a two phase bunch test on the grounds that subsample just a portion of the component inside an inspected group. We can appraise the level of family units with firearms dependent on the data accessible yet in this investigation, the data isn't accessible. We can accept on account of choosing centers, the example size is 10 and the populace size is 100, and those are the boundaries that characterize the likelihood, 10/100. For families, figuring of the rate is somewhat extraordinary in light of the fact that we don't have the foggiest idea, ahead of time of the examination, what number of family units are to be chosen in each example center. We are basically taught to choose 1 out of 5 of every one of them, so that if there is a sum of 100 in Clinic An and 75 in Clinic B, we would choose 20 and 15 separately. In any case, the level of choosing a family is 1/5, regardless, of the populace size or the example size (20/100 = 1/5 yet does as well 15/75). By the equation, we just gauge( t) ? unb= N/n ? t_i. At the point when the populace esteem is known, we can know the inspecting mistake and we utilize this blunder with the end goal of our measurable test. The standard mistake of a rate is consistently pq/n. Standard blunder (( t) ? unb) = Nv((1-n/N) (S^2 t)/n) . The examining populace for this investigation is family units with weapons in the Chicago. Indeed, this inspecting strategy brings about an agent test of family units with kids since where there is sub-examining inside the bunches picked at the main stage, the term multistage examining will applies. The populace is viewed as being made out of various first stage or essential examining units (PSUs) every one of them being comprised of various second stage units in each chose PSU thus the strategy proceeds down to the last testing unit, with the inspecting in a perfect world being irregular at each stage. Utilizing bunch tests guarantees hands on work is tangibly improved and made less expensive. That is, bunch examining will in general offer more prominent unwavering quality for a given expense as opposed to more noteworthy dependability for a given example size. Regarding measurable proficiency, bigger quantities of little groups is better. Every single other thing being equivalent than few huge bunches.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Be Careful, Misunderstanding by Different Cultures Have you at any point visited another nation and made numerous mistaken assumptions that you didn't understand? Each nation has its specific culture, and individuals can distinguish those societies by various races, sexes and nationalities. What's more, various races of individuals have their specific social foundations, and each extraordinary culture has its intriguing parts. Individuals profit by learning different societies; by doing that, they can improve their countries. Be that as it may, when you go to visit in different nations, the cultureÃ¢â¬â¢s contrast can cause numerous errors between individuals. On the off chance that you don't have the idea of various conduct from various culture or follow the way of life when you are voyaging, the nearby individuals would think you are inconsiderate and you may engage in a hazardous situation. I have been in the United States for a long time. Here and there I may have many misjudges with others since I had not realized that the conduct I was doing is inconsiderate. We will compose a custom article test on Be Careful, Misunderstanding by Different Cultures or on the other hand any comparable point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Be that as it may, I have step by step adjusted to the way of life, and I have seen that individuals demonstration very distinction contrasting with my nation. Thusly, if guests who need to visit my old neighborhood, Hong Kong; something you have to grasp that can keep away from the misconception, and those are the methods of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s discussions, the traffic guidelines and their autonomies. Above all else, AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ discourse can be unique in various nations. Individuals have various trainings that cause them to have their own specific belief system. For example, in America, when we meet new companions, a few Americans will in general think you endeavor to obtain something from them since you may utilize an unseemly method to ask that cause them to feel humiliated or aversive. Furthermore, individuals from Hong Kong will in general pose some broad inquiries with one another in light of the fact that we need to comprehend this individual more. We are keen on that person, yet it doesn't intend to acquire any advantages from them or engage with them since we just need to make another companion. In the event that individuals, who drop by Hong Kong, don't misconstrue the manner in which we talk in light of the fact that the vast majority structure Hong Kong are intriguing the Western societies or simply need to meet another companions. Along these lines, individuals have an alternate perspective brought about by their development nvironment. Then again, there is an enormous distinction between Hong KongÃ¢â¬â¢s traffic rule and the Western nations. In American, when you drive out and about, you have to clear a path for people on foot first, despite the fact that they are not adhere to the principles out and about, or you can make a correct turn on the red ligh t legitimately in a security circumstance. For example, when you are driving in a parking structure, you should stop your vehicle and hang tight for those people on foot who need to go across the street. Something else, your conduct is viewed as rude. In any case, on the off chance that you travel in Hong Kong, you should grasp that drivers never clear a path for people on foot and you can't turn directly during the red light on. In the event that you don't keep the standard, you may engage in a mishap, and it is an amazingly perilous conduct out and about. Subsequently, Americans ought to comprehend this sort of culture rule when they travel in Hong Kong. Recalling the contrasts between societies can assist them with avoiding the risky circumstance. At last, the traffic guidelines in various nations will fluctuate contingent upon their way of life. In addition, America is the most free country contrasted with Hong Kong. Since I came to America, I understand that individuals are extremely free and we have to do everything without anyone else with no help. For example, as indicated by the book American Ways by Gary Althen, Ã¢â¬Å"It isn't unordinary for Americans who are past the time of around twenty-two and who are as yet living with their folks to pay their folks for room and boardÃ¢â¬ (Althen 10. ) Americans have been instructed to be free since they were kids, and they may need to lived without guardians when they become grown-up. Both of the proof can show AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ autonomy or duty regarding their own. In any case, individuals from Hong Kong follow up on the contrary method of the Americans in light of the fact that the rental costs of a condo in H. K. are more costly than the United States; even the vast majority of grown-ups can't bear to follow through on such a cost. In addition, individuals from Hong Kong don't pose some moronic inquiries, for example, Ã¢â¬Å"are you despite everything living with your parentsÃ¢â¬ , etc; on the grounds that we realize living alone isn't simple in Hong Kong. As the above individuals who travel in Hong Kong need to maintain a strategic distance from to pose those inquiry since it sounds exceptionally ill bred. Subsequently, various nations have their specific method to characterize autonomy, and it doesn't have right or inaccurate. Despite the fact that Hong Kong and the United States have disparate perspectives concerning society, the two regions are extremely one of a kind. The two of them have their preferences and drawbacks in their societies, yet we can't call attention to which is the best. Truth be told, we have to in any event see some normal societies of that nation before you need to travel; it will assist you with avoiding many misconstruing and dispose of any difficulties.
Wednesday, August 19, 2020
Admitted Come Visit! Congratulations, youve been admitted! Were so excited for you and hope you are ready to join the Illinois legacy. Visiting the campuses youve been admitted to and are deciding between attending is such an important part of the process. We hope you feel at home on our campus in Champaign-Urbana, and theres no better way to know that for sure than to come visit. All of our visit programs can be found on our website. Now, lets break down what these visit options are. Admitted Daily Visits Mondays through Fridays and some Saturdays at 10:00 a.m. These days start at the Alice Campbell Alumni Center. An admissions counselor (maybe me!) will kick things off with an admitted student presentation given by an admissions counselor. Youll be with other admitted studentsâ"hopefully your future classmatesâ"and well walk through what you need to know and do before enrolling on campus in the fall and joining our Illinois family. Once the presentation is over, well send you off on a campus tour with our tour guides at 11:00 a.m. After that, the day is yours to make the most of your time on campus. You can register to meet with the college youve been admitted to, tour a residence hall, or maybe sit in on one of your future classes! Illini Days Select Mondays and Fridays at 9:30 a.m. These days are a fantastic way to get the full picture of life on campus as a student. They start the same way as our Admitted Daily Visits, but they also include over 30 departments at a Campus Resources Fair, a meeting with your college, multiple tour options, and the chance to meet with Financial Aid, Housing, the Career Center, and other offices on campus. Students typically arrive on campus by 8:30 a.m. and stay on campus until 3:30 p.m. More Options Multiple College Open Housesare also held throughout the spring. Put on by the colleges themselves, these are great events to attend as well to see everything your college has to offer. You can also choose to sit in on a class during your visit. If you dont see one specifically related to your major, I still encourage you to sit in on a topic that sounds interesting to you! All of the professors on the list gladly welcome prospective students in their classes. In addition, I highly recommend visiting a residence hall (or two!) while youre on campus. All freshmen are required to live on campus their first year, so this is a great way to get a sense of what options you have. Keep in mind that there are about 38 options total, so by no means should you expect to visit them all while youre on campus! Virtual Visits Cant make it to campus? No worries. Weve created some great tools for you to explore campus virtually. University Housing has quick virtual tours of their residence halls, too. Let us know if you have any questions, and I hope to see you on campus soon! Hannah Admissions Counselor I grew up just 30 minutes north of Champaign-Urbana and am a recent graduate of Illinois. As a former Pathway student, I understand the challenges of adapting to life at both a community college as well as a four-year institution. Whatever you're wondering about, I'll help you out!
Sunday, May 24, 2020
T.S. Eliots Murder in the Cathedral tells the story of Thomas Beckett, a man who reigned as Archbishop of Canterbury during the 12th century in England until his death in 1170. In order to tell Becketts story, Eliot creates a series of equally interesting characters that each play a crucial role thought the play. The most unique rolefound within the play is the Women ofCanterbury, or the Chorus. Throughout the piece, the Chorus delivers seven choral odes. These choral odes, when looked at as a collective work tell a story. They begin with brief foreshadowing of events that will occur later in the play, but then quickly jump into necessary storyline; one which summarizes the events of the pasts, and then immerses the audience into theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Later in the choral ode, the women say, We are afraid in a fear which we cannot know, which we cannot face, which none understands. This illustrates thedepth and complexity of the fear which they are facing, for they know no t how to neither combat it nor completely comprehend it. All the people know is that with Thomas comes death upon their home of Canterbury, so the beg him to leave us, leave us, leave us sullen Dover, andset sail for France. The fear of the second choral ode becomes a reality in the third. The Women of Canterbury know what decision Beckett has made. They tell him, We have not been happy, my Lord, we have not been too happy. We are not ignorant women, we know what we must expect and not expect. By saying this, the Women of Canterbury mean that they understandthe consequences that Thomas has chosen by staying in Canterbury. They know that he will perish if he stays. Then the women begin to despair. They cry, God gave us always some reason, some hope; but now a new terror has soiled us, which none can avert, and, God is leaving us, God is leaving us, more pang, more pain than birth or death. The Women of Canterbury, who always took faith in the idea the God was protecting their Archbishop, believe that Thomas has turned away from the Lords protection by deciding to remain at Canterbury, for not even God could protect him from the wrath of what was yet to come. The fourth
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Pop-Music - Beating and Killing Women nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;What would happen if you found out that a certain type of food was bad for you; would you stop eating it? Similarly, if you found out a certain type of music was bad for you; would you stop listening to it? WouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t you need proof before you make a decision? John Hamerlinck, a freelance writer in St. Cloud, Minnesota uses this article, Ã¢â¬Å"Killing Women: A Pop-Music TraditionÃ¢â¬ , to make his major point of how popular music is the most common link to violence (241). Hamerlinck voices his concern on the issues of violence in our society and has taken many stands on how violence is generated. Hamerlinck emphasizes that even though the mainstream press seems to have onlyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The article was written using outdated songs and without strong supporting evidence. The examples of music he used were from the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s and 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s. HamerlinckÃ¢â¬â¢s poor choice in music causes the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s audience to have difficu lty relating to the point he was trying to make. Hamerlinck reveals that from the beginning of music there has been an old folk genre known as the Ã¢â¬Å"murder ballad,Ã¢â¬ which tells stories of men killing women because they have Ã¢â¬Å"done them wrongÃ¢â¬ (241). In many of the songs in this genre, the music misrepresents the homicidal lyrics (241). How can this music genre misrepresent homicidal lyrics when it is obvious to the reader that these grouping of words are intended to express hatred toward women, enough to kill them! nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Hamerlinck supports his article with random songs that have to do with violence and love, in hopes of proving that music has an impact on itÃ¢â¬â¢s listeners. Lonnie Johnson sang a 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s song called Ã¢â¬Å"Careless Love,Ã¢â¬ in which he promises to shoot his lover numerous times and then stand over her until she is finished dying (241). A song like Little WalterÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Boom, Boom, Out go the LightsÃ¢â¬ has a harsh and frightening image (241). The listener may not be aware of the destructive words in the songs because of the snappy, up-beat rhythms the artistsÃ¢â¬â¢ create. I disagree with this statement because if this is the case, how can the listeners really not know what theShow MoreRelated Influences of Society Essay645 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;When kids hear a certain music group or a performer like Eminem and Britney Spears, they get visions in their heads that they can be them. Britney spears dresses lik e a slut, acts like a slut, and then gets mad when people call her a slut. Girls growing up see that and try to be that, in which they get raped or assaulted by the way they dress. Eminem raps about drugs, beating women, and other explicit content. In their eyes itÃ¢â¬â¢s just music, but in societys eyes, itÃ¢â¬â¢s a matter ofRead MoreRap Music And Its Influence On African American Youth1705 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Music and society have always been closely related. For years now music has been apart of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s everyday lives all around the world. Having so many different genres out there, it makes it easy to be appealing to so many different ethnic backgrounds. However, one type of genre in particular has seemed to grab the attention of a younger generation. Rap music has undoubtedly had its utmost impact on African American youth, since many of the performers themselves are African American. An overtlyRead MoreThe Horror Of Horror Movies1659 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHaving Halloween just around the corner the horror genre has been on demand. What is a horror genre? Horror is defined as being Ã¢â¬Å"an intense feeling of fear, shock, or disgustÃ¢â¬ and genre is defined as being Ã¢â¬Å"a category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matterÃ¢â¬ according to Oxford Dictionary. Therefore a horror genre is a horror film in one of the many categories in a genre that makes the audience feel fear, shock or disgust.Read MoreUnderstanding Buddhism, It Can t Be A Religion Essay2276 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesunderstand what suffering meant, which was an old man, a sick man, a dead man, and a Brahman Priest. He never know nothing of these things. He wanted an understanding of suffering by analyzing Luxury; problems of spoiling yourself to much, and Asceticism; beating yourself, punishing yourself. What he found was to focus on The Middle path, which is not having too much or too little. Mar k explained The Middle Way senses the needs, the not looked at life get dangled up on one side or the other in these two ofRead MoreThesis paper on rap music.4322 Words Ã |Ã 18 PagesRap music has become one of the most distinctive and controversial music genres of the past few decades. A major part of hip hop culture, rap, discusses the experiences and standards of living of people in different situations ranging from racial stereotyping to struggle for survival in poor, violent conditions. Rap music is a vocal protest for the people oppressed by these things. Most people know that rap is not only music to dance and party to, but a significant form of expression. It is a sourceRead MoreThe Individual And The Pattern Of Culture Essay2182 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pageshave always been a lingering issue since the era of slavery which began in 1619, almost about four hundred years ago. When it comes to the words Ã¢â¬Å"police brutalityÃ¢â¬ the first well-known case comes to mind would b e the Los Angeles Police Department beating of Rodney King in 1991. A traffic violation had led to a high-speed chase. King has sustained sixty blows and kicks from the officers before he was taken into custody. This incident was all captured on news mediaÃ¢â¬â¢s helicopter, which caused AfricanRead MoreVampire Vs. Vampire Myth2146 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesIranian vampire movie. By casting Sheila Vand as the Iranian female vampire protagonist, Amirpour centers her focus on the young vampire who targets men in the lawless Bad City to create a safer environment for other women in the town. This film serves as a commentary on the oppression of women in Iran by focusing on an incredibly independent woman who rejects the patriarchal society in which she lives while refusing to adhere to traditional female and vampire stereotypes. Amirpour distorts the traditionalRead MoreGoodfellas: a Movie Review3819 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagesno background music and no dialogue, and this is to let the viewer make inferences as to why the car is going so fast and who is driving it. Then 1970, New York is shown to let the audience know where the plot is taking place. Suddenly three characters are shown without any introduction, with dim lighting and the camera focusing in on their faces. Scorsese is attempting to get the attention of the viewer to these three characters and their dialogue. They hear sounds like a tire pop and pull intoRead MorePopular Culture and Violent Behavior Essay11795 Words Ã |Ã 48 Pagesdominated by television, films and recorded popular music.  I have chosen to study popular culture and its influence on violent behaviour, because, as is stated in its definition, popular culture is, accessible to everyone. These hugely accessible forms of media influence all of us, everyday, wherever we go. My keen interest in all of these forms of media immediately drew me to the subject; television, film and music are major influences not only in my life but inRead MoreFun with Literature10373 Words Ã |Ã 42 PagesQuitters Inc. Worksheet Ã ©2008, T. Orman Ã¢â¬Å"Quitters Inc.Ã¢â¬ by Stephen King Name: __________________________________ Before reading 1. Have you (or someone close to you) had to give up something you really enjoyed? (Examples may be pop, candy, cell phone, video games, etc.) If yes, what difficulties did you face while trying to give it up? If no, what difficulties do you think you would have if you DID have to give up something you really enjoyed? ___________________________
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Change Initiative George Tautz Grand Canyon University Organizational Development Change MGT 623 Dr. Kensler March 17, 2010 Change Initiative Organizational change is a necessary outcome when considering various scenarios contributing to the resulting vision. Perplexing as it may seem, change initiatives donÃ¢â¬â¢t always result in positive outcomes. We will write a custom essay sample on Change Initiative or any similar topic only for you Order Now In fact, many never succeed. As a change agent, one should always have formulated a vision of what change will Ã¢â¬Å"lookÃ¢â¬ like for the organization. One would be hard pressed to paint a landscape without having a vision of what the landscape should resemble. Yet, resistance to change usually becomes a significant factor contributing to an initiativeÃ¢â¬â¢s failure. It is likely an implicit expectation to prepare for the advent of resistance and it consequences. A change agentÃ¢â¬â¢s tool box should contain a number of strategies which will support the process of change. Defining and re-defining the end result as well as the change process itself is a useful exercise in that clarity eventually overcomes obscure, poorly orchestrated attempts at invoking change. This paper will propose a change initiative designed for LC- an organization referenced previously in part I of a continuing anthology of LCÃ¢â¬â¢s attempts at facing change. Resistance to change will be examined within the context of how certain attributes of any successful change process operate to support or derail attempts at managing a successful change initiative. Managing change requires a vision which supports a renewal process (Moran Brightman, 2001). Change doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t (or shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t) occur for the sake of change. The stress which change places upon an organization isnÃ¢â¬â¢t likely to justify the price in terms of its effect on the people which make up the organization. Rather, change should be gauged in terms of its resultant ability to adapt to the needs of the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s external and internal customers (Burke, 2002). This should serve as the premise for any organizational change initiative. It is, therefore, the basis for any vision attributable to recognizing that the needs of an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s constituents is not being served or met. In practice, such a realization not only forms the basis for a vision of change, but also incites and solicits aberrant behavioral reactions by employees who are responsible for its implementation. Research and anecdotal examples support the fact that an initiativeÃ¢â¬â¢s success or failure ultimately relies upon whether or not employees get in back of an initiative or stand in its way (Scheck Kinicki, 2000). As mentioned, employee resistance is an integral component of a scenario for failure if not managed appropriately. Rampant cynicism portends what could ultimately become an abbreviated attempt at change. Symptomatic responses to resistance include withdrawal as well as decrements in performance criteria (Weeks, Roberts, Chonko, Jones, 2004). Resistance does not necessarily have to be exclusively negative. However, it needs to be planned for and managed upon presentation. Whatever change is envisioned for LC, there must also be a strategy for harnessing employee reactions of uncertainty and control loss. In the case of LC, the precise vision of what the final outcome of change should be must be tempered by alternative strategies necessary to address resistance. In LCÃ¢â¬â¢s case, the vision is to become a more responsive organization able to adapt faster to environmental changes. A change in priorities coupled with an extinction of misdirected goals and objectives will require LC to utilize the coalition of support described previously in tandem with the overall goal of reviving the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s viability. Trusting management is an important component to the change process. If change is not managed well, employees will inevitably mistrust management. This leads to anger as well as cognitive resistance which is questioning the very need for change in the first place. Interestingly enough, too much poor quality information results in an overall exacerbation of resistance linked symptomology (Allen, Jimmieson, Bordia, Irmer, 2007). The perceived quality of information offered greater chances for a successful initiative. This is more or less intuitive. So then, what is the best way to provide good quality information? Fortunately for LC, the mechanism is already in place. The coalition set up for LC will serve an instrumental role in developing, analyzing, and disseminating information to the rank and file employees at LC. However, it should be pointed out that the initial selection of coalition team members may prove to be one of the most important aspects of the change initiative. Poorly selected, unqualified or otherwise circumspect individuals who Ã¢â¬Å"leechÃ¢â¬ their way onto a planning and implementation team such as this one, tend to force more attention onto their own needs rather than on the needs of the organization. A further refinement is in order, however. What must be understood is the observation that employees tend to react differently to quality information based on its source. The reason for this apparent discordant phenomenon has to do with employees perceiving communications emanating from senior management as one way- not two way. One way communication channels do not allow the employee to ask questions. Two way channels offer two way communication. Therefore, the most ideal make up of the coalition team should be senior management as well as supervisors. Proceeding further, it should also be understood that the overall make up of the coalition should consist of experts contributing information appropriate to their expertise. Certainly, a coalition of change agents in a hospital setting, for example, would not do well if we included the landscaping staff whose contribution would be marginal at best to a positive outcome relating to decreasing mortality rates within the institution. In conclusion, trust in management is one of the most important contributing factors when considering the likelihood of resistance to change. To enhance trust, management should form a coalition of experts as well as line supervisors for the purpose of putting forth accurate information. The strategic initiative for LC is to promote a change in how the organization conducts its business. Sweeping changes are proposed which will resonate within all areas of the organization. Immunity from inclusion is unlikely even for the most obscure, entrenched employee. Change will re-define how LC presents its service delivery model to both internal and external clients. In order to garner support for change, LC must communicate to the employees what is being done and why. The company must offer an opportunity for a two way dialogue in order to circumvent employee cynicism. There are specific well orchestrated reasons for selecting the various team members. For example, all the major operations divisions should be represented since whatever is implemented will have far reaching effects on every division of the organization. The change initiative will determine how each division is accountable to the overall mission of the organization. Developing a vision for change is an important step for the change agent to engage in. Without clarity, it is unlikely that change will occur successfully. References Allen, J. , Jimmieson, N. L. , Bordia, P. , Irmer, B. E. (2007). Uncertainty during organizational change: Managing perceptions through communication. Journal of Change Management, 7(2), 187-210. Burke, W. (2002). Organization Change: Theory and practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Moran, J. W. , Brightman, B. K. (2001). Leading organizational change. Career Development International, 6(2), 111-118. Scheck, C. L. , Kinicki, A. J. (2000). Identifying antecedents of coping with an organizational acquisition: A structural assessment. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 21, 627-648. Weeks, W. A. , Roberts, J. , Chonko, L. B. , Jones, E. (2004). Individual readiness for change, individual fear of change, and sales manager performance: An empirical investigation. Journal of Personal Selling and Sales Management, 24, 7-17. How to cite Change Initiative, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Hiring a new department manager to serve a readymade team is different than hiring a coach to create and develop a winning basketball team. In the case studies, both coaches demonstrate some qualities of a management style and a leadership style; however, both tend to lean more toward one than the other. In the case of Coach Knight, he appears to adhere to a management approach. He feels that being prepared to win is more important than winning. He values order, consistency, and structure. He also exercises control over team members and is quick to take corrective measures if he feels his recommendations are not being followed. Fayol (1916) claimed that the primary functions of management are planning, organizing, staffing and controlling. This definition seems to fit Bob Knight pretty well. Coach KnightÃ¢â¬â¢s power base seems to be primarily legitimate power, a function of position power. As the coach he is the recognized authority. We will write a custom essay sample on Headmaster or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He may also have expert power based on his past performance as a player and coach. He also has coercive power in that he has the capacity to penalize or punish team members and seems to wield that power freely in some situations. Based on the case study, there may be a degree of referent power as part of his power base. There seems to be mixed responses and a good deal of controversy related to his leadership style. Coach KnightÃ¢â¬â¢s actions are demonstratively significant in influencing his leadership style revealed by the many controversies throughout his career. The most apparent personality trait that he exhibits is a tendency to be hostile under certain situations (neuroticism. ) He appears to be very conscientious, that is thorough, organized and decisive. He expects his players to demonstrate control but his own actions are not controlled in some situations Ã¢â¬Å"Some people may have the traits that help them emerge as leaders but not the traits that allow them to maintain their leadership over time. In other words, the situation influences leadership. Ã¢â¬ The history of KnightÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership seems to align with this statement from the text. The case study of Coach K describes a man who is clearly more of a leader than a manager. The text describes a leader as one who creates and communicates a vision, builds teams, inspires and energizes and satisfies unmet needs of members of his team. He is not a man driven by rules as demonstrated by his own statement; Ã¢â¬Å"Too many rules get in the way of leadership. Ã¢â¬ He goes on to say, Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be a manager I want to be a leaderÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ He also demonstrates emotional intelligence when he explains that he is committed to, Ã¢â¬Å"spending a large percentage of his time getting inside a playerÃ¢â¬â¢s head, understanding where the player is coming from and helping him to get where we all need to be as a team. Ã¢â¬ Coach KÃ¢â¬â¢s power base is grounded on personal power or referent power. He refers to his team as a Ã¢â¬Å"real family. Ã¢â¬ His approach to coaching has been described as a Ã¢â¬Å"paternalistic approach. His actions and words reflect a leader who demonstrates an emotional commitment to his players and his team. He works hard at meeting the physical and emotional needs of his players. Coach K demonstrates all of the5 major leadership traits to varying degrees, that is, intel ligence, self-confidence, determination, integrity and most of all sociability. It is difficult from the case study to determine the extent of his intelligence but his decision to remain at Duke based on his relationships and commitment to the school and team show a high degree of personal integrity. Both coaches were able to build and sustain winning teams for an extended time, however one must decide if winning is the only thing or the most important thing. It is difficult to be objective when reading the case studies as my own leadership style or beliefs tend to influence my reactions and opinions. As Ã¢â¬Å"Stogdill (1974, p. 7) pointed out in a review of leadership research, there are almost as many different definitions of leadership as there are people who have tried to define it. Ã¢â¬